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“Better to die enlightened, than to live in ignorance.”
——Nicolaus Copernicus.[来源]

19 February 1473
Toruń, Royal Prussia, Kingdom of Poland


24 May 1543 (aged 70)
Frombork, Prince-Bishopric of Warmia, Royal Prussia, Kingdom of Poland


Vince Benvenuto

尼古拉·哥白尼(Nicolas Copernicus)(1473年2月19日-1543年5月24日)是文艺复兴时期波兰数学家、天文学家,他提倡日心说模型,提到太阳为宇宙的中心。1543年哥白尼临终前发表了《天体运行论》一般认为他著的是现代天文学的起步点。它开启了哥白尼革命,并对推动科学革命作出了重要贡献。


Copernicus was the youngest of four children. His father was a Polish noble and his mother was a daughter of wealthy German merchant. Like his brother, who became a priest, and his sister, who became a nun, Copernicus enrolled in a humanist education to become a priest, studying Aristotle, Ptolemy and others at the University of Kraków in Kingdom of Poland. After graduating, Copernicus expected to be appointed as a clergyman in Warmia, but travelled to Italy to study law first.

While learning in Italy, Copernicus found he preferred attending humanities lectures and discovered his passion, astronomy. His mentor was Domenico Maria Novara da Ferrara. In 1500, Copernicus visited the Vatican, where he was introduced to the Templar Order. Upon joining them, he was later told that they wanted him to keep his discoveries secret.

A day after, however, he enlightened the public on science and mathematics at the Il Campidoglio, encouraging them to question past teachings, as he could not keep his findings to himself. He went on to urge the crowd to visit him or his fellow scholars if they wished to know more.[1]

As soon as the Borgia – the leading house in the Templar Order – heard of this, they sent their guards to kill Copernicus and the other scholars. The Assassin Ezio Auditore da Firenze watched the scene unfold and, upon realizing their common enemy, came to Copernicus' aid.[1]

Copernicus admitted his affiliations to the Templars to Ezio, though the latter was willing to help Copernicus reach a safe location. Upon arriving in a secluded building in the Antico District, Copernicus asked Ezio to deliver some documents to his fellow scholars, which would inform them of the danger they were in. Though doubtful if he could trust him, Ezio agreed, and aided most of the scholars in going into hiding.[1]

The Assassin returned some time later, and by then, Copernicus had concluded that the Master of the Sacred Palace was most likely behind the plot to kill him. Ezio sought out the Master and heard from him that there were six executioners walking around Rome, searching for the scholars. Ezio rushed to take these executioners down, and returned to Copernicus with the confirmation that his suspicion had been correct.[1]

Copernicus, however, was persistent in going out into the open to study a lunar eclipse. The Master of the Sacred Palace seized this opportunity, and sent a Papal Guard to kill him. Ezio followed and killed the Master of the Sacred Palace before returning to Copernicus, with whom he took down the assailants. The pair then went their separate ways, with Copernicus staying behind to study the eclipse.[1]

Following their encounter, Copernicus became an ally of the Assassin Order, and was assisted in further astronomical studies with Novara via the Order's protection, with one instance including the Assassins Francesco Vecellio and Cipriano Enu.[2]

Copernicus left Rome a year later, and applied for an extension of his education abroad to learn medicine in Padua. While there, he learned Greek, adding a fourth language to the list of ones he was fluent in, after Polish, German and Latin.

In 1503, Copernicus returned to Prussia and worked as secretary for his uncle, Lucas Watzenrode, the Bishop of Warmia. In his spare time, he pursued his astronomical interests, drafting his heliocentric theory and observing the sky at night. His theories were not published until shortly before his death in 1543.




en:Nicolaus Copernicus pt-br:Nicolau Copérnico